A Peloton stationary bike at the company’s showroom in Dedham, Mass.
It’s almost time to bid adieu to 2021, which means its time for an end-of-year review of your portfolio to identify losses and gains. Try to understand what went wrong and what went right—and why—and recalibrate for 2022.
If possible, take advantage of soured investments that might have long-term merit. If you bought a stock at a higher price, it might make sense from a tax perspective to take the loss against other gains and restart the investment from a lower price, a strategy known as “doubling up.”
(ticker: PTON), which rose to prominence during the pandemic and has since messily fallen from the market’s bullish summits into the ash heap of troubled companies. might just fit the bill.
Peloton, as most everyone knows, makes exercise bikes with video monitors that enable people to take classes with world-class instructors from their homes. The company enjoyed extraordinary success during the pandemic, only to be undone by manufacturing woes and ultimately by the Covid vaccine, which enabled gyms to reopen.
Yet Peloton continues to have a cultlike following. Instructors like Cody Rigsby have become celebrities. And the company has just begun a big trade-in program: People who buy a new bike can swap their old one for a $700 rebate and accessories.
Investors who bought Peloton at higher prices could double up on the stock to reset the cost basis and position for a potential recovery. The deadline to buy new stock to capture losses for this year is Nov. 30. After that date, there won’t be enough time to avoid the Internal Revenue Service’s wash-sale rule, which restricts loss deductions by investors who buy the same holding within 30 days before or after a sale.
Peloton investors can buy the same number of shares and hold them for 30 days. On the 31st day, the original tax lot of Peloton shares—the stock you bought at higher prices—can be sold. Anyone who does that should be able to claim a loss on their tax returns. Consult your tax adviser.
While doubling up with stock is the usual method, Michael Schwartz, Oppenheimer’s chief options strategist, prefers using call options to limit risk and expense. The mechanics of the trade are the same, but options are less expensive than stock.
Schwartz recently told clients who bought Peloton near its high price to double up with March $45 calls, which cost about $6.60 when the stock was $42.97. On the 31st day, the original tax lot could still be sold, and investors would own only the equivalent number of calls. (Each call represents 100 shares, so you would need 10 calls to cover 1,000 shares, for example.)
Again, the time frame is critical. Should the stock be sold before 30 days have expired, investors would violate the wash-sale rule and the IRS won’t allow the loss, Schwartz counseled.
During the past 52 weeks, Peloton has ranged from $43.13 to $171.09.
Some will wonder why Schwartz chose a March call, which expires in about 120 days. The answer is simple. Peloton is a “show me, don’t tell me” company. The management team has arguably lost the trust of investors as the stock has tumbled from all-time highs. Plus, the company recently said that it wouldn’t need to raise capital, only to subsequently say that it would sell more stock to raise capital.
Still, the Peloton cult is a valuable asset, even if it is hard to value by traditional metrics. The double-up trade expresses a view that the company’s management team will rise to the occasion and try to be as good as the instructors and the community. If not, well, the cost basis was reset, a tax advantage was realized, and the journey of risk and return begins anew.
Steven M. Sears is the president and chief operating officer of Options Solutions, a specialized asset-management firm. Neither he nor the firm has a position in the options or underlying securities mentioned in this column.